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Putin heads for Tehran for Iran-Turkey talks over Ukraine

Vladimir Putin is heading to Tehran on his second visit outside Russia since the start of the Ukraine war, where he will hold talks on lifting the Ukrainian grain blockade, the future of Syria and the chances of reviving the Iran nuclear deal with his Turkish and Iranian counterparts. The Russian president’s three-way talks with Iran’s Ebrahim Raisi and Turkey’s Recep Tayyip Erdoğan will be presented by the Kremlin as a sign of Putin’s…

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On his second trip outside Russia since the start of the Ukraine war, Vladimir Putin will meet with Turkish and Iranian counterparts in Tehran to discuss the lifting of the Ukrainian grain blockade, the future of Syria, and the possibility of reviving the Iran nuclear deal.

In the wake of US Vice President Joe Biden’s trip to the Middle East, the Kremlin will point to Putin’s meetings with Iranian President Ebrahim Raisi and Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdoan as evidence of his enduring influence in the region.

Both individually and as part of the Astana Process, the three leaders are expected to meet with each other to discuss the future of Syria, a country in which they all have military forces but differing goals.

Russian naval blockade preventing Ukrainian grain from leaving Black Sea ports will be lifted, and Erdoan hopes Putin will give that signal to Erdoan. A joint meeting between the Turkish government and Ukraine on this topic has repeatedly been requested by the EU. The EU has assured Russia that it will not be sanctioned in this regard for Russian food, shipping, or fertilisers.

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Under the Montreux convention of 1936, Turkey, as a Nato member, has a special responsibility for naval traffic entering the Black Sea. As long as the vessels are not carrying weapons, Russia is allowing the Ukrainian grain ships to leave Odessa on designated routes.

Discussing Ukrainian grain shipments will be discussed with Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdoan.” Yuri Ushakov, Putin’s foreign policy advisor, said on Monday that he is ready to continue working on this track.

Grain prices have soared around the world as a result of Russia’s invasion of Ukraine, which is the world’s largest wheat supplier. In Ukrainian ports, dozens of ships are stranded, and 22 million tonnes of grain are trapped in silos.

Defending Minister Hulusi Akar has said that a deal on the grain exports corridor between Russia, Ukraine, Turkey, and the UN will be signed this week after talks in Istanbul. The Black Sea can be used to route these exports, thanks to the opening of an Istanbul-based coordination center.

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During the talks, Putin intends to bolster regional opposition to any US-proposed defense pacts between Gulf states and Israel, which some in Washington see as a necessary bulwark should Iran go ahead with its nuclear program. Because the United States refuses to lift sanctions on the Islamic Revolutionary Guards Corps, Russia is a participant in the Vienna nuclear talks. Because of the IRGC’s “malign activities” in the Middle East, the United States has imposed sanctions on Iran.

Iran’s long history of evading U.S. sanctions may also be discussed during the talks, as well as the possibility of cooperation between Moscow and Tehran in defeating American measures. Despite the long-term goal of reducing the two countries’ reliance on the dollar, there may be short-term talks about Russia purchasing Iranian drones for use in Ukraine..

Iran and Russia are now in a “single fortress,” according to the Russian ambassador to Tehran, Levan Dzhagaryan, who spoke with the Shargh newspaper on Saturday.

The Syrian foreign minister, Faisal al-Miqdad, is expected to join the three guarantors of the peace process in Syria. Iran and Russia are concerned about Turkey’s support for opposition groups and the threat of a new offensive in northern Syria.

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